Farming systems

 

Farming systems

This map differentiates 19 farming systems on the basis of the classification developed by Dixon et al (2001, see Data source). It illustrates the diversity of the production systems and their adaptation to highly diverse environments. In a general way, the agricultural systems of these regions can be subdivided into 3 groups: (a) rainfall-based systems; (b) irrigated systems; and (c) intermediate systems. The latter rely on spatially and temporally variable mixes of rain and irrigation water. Although overlap is considerable, these systems occupy specific segments of the aridity spectrum. The irrigated systems constitute the only notable exception, since they occur under all aridity regimes. As aridity increases, the diversity in agricultural systems drops. The systems also occupy an amazing range of thermal climates, ranging from tropical to temperate continental.

This map differentiates 19 farming systems on the basis of the classification developed by Dixon et al (2001, see Data source). It illustrates the diversity of the production systems and their adaptation to highly diverse environments. In a general way, the agricultural systems of these regions can be subdivided into 3 groups: (a) rainfall-based systems; (b) irrigated systems; and (c) intermediate systems. The latter rely on spatially and temporally variable mixes of rain and irrigation water. Although overlap is considerable, these systems occupy specific segments of the aridity spectrum. The irrigated systems constitute the only notable exception, since they occur under all aridity regimes. As aridity increases, the diversity in agricultural systems drops. The systems also occupy an amazing range of thermal climates, ranging from tropical to temperate continental.

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